Bootstrap Navigation Bar

Bootstrap Navigation Bars

A navigation bar is a collection of navigated links. Bootstrap provides a different style of the navigation bar.

The navigation bar is create with the class .navbar navbar-default to <nav> tag.

Example: 1 Navigation Bar Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Navigation Bar Example</h2><br />
		<nav class="navbar navbar-default">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li class="active" ><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li><a href="#about">About</a></li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
					<li><a href="#faq">FAQ's</a></li>
				</ul>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code the class .nav and .nav-default to <nav> tag. To create the elements of the navbar using the class .nav navbar-nav to <ul> tag.

Bootstrap Navigation Bar
Fig.1 – Bootstrap Navigation Bar.

Inverted Navigation Bar

The default navbar is a light grey color. If you want a dark black color navigation bar instead of the default navigation bar. The class .navbar-inverse instead of navbar-default.

Example: 2 Inverted Navigation Bar Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Inverted Navbar Example</h2><br />
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li class="active" ><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li><a href="#about">About</a></li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
					<li><a href="#faq">FAQ's</a></li>
				</ul>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code the class .nav and .nav-inverse to <nav> tag instead of nav-default tag. The whole code reamain same.

Bootstrap Navigation Bar Example
Fig.2 – Bootstrap Navigation Bar Example.

Navigation Bar With Dropdown

The class .dropdown is applied to the link element of navigation bar to create the dropdown. And some attribute like data-toggle=”dropdown”.

Example: 3 Dropdown Navbar Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Dropdown Navbar Example</h2><br />
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li class="dropdown">
						<a class="dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" href="#about">About
							<span class="caret"></span>
						</a>
						<ul class="dropdown-menu">
							<li><a href="#about1">About 1</a></li>
							<li><a href="#about2">About 2</a></li>
							<li><a href="#about3">About 3</a></li>
						</ul>
					</li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
					<li><a href="#faq">FAQ's</a></li>
				</ul>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code the class .dropdown to the <li> tag and .dropdown-toggle to the <a> tag with attribute data-toggle=”dropdown”.

Bootstrap Navbar Dropdown
Fig.3 – Bootstrap Dropdown Navbar Example.

Bootstrap Navbar Right Aligned

To align the elements of the navigation bar is right so apply the class .navbar-right to the <ul> tag.

Example: 4 Navbar Right Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Navbar Right Example</h2><br />
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li class="active"><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
				</ul>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav navbar-right">
					<li><a href="#login"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-log-in"></span> Login</a></li>
					<li><a href="#signup"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-user"></span> Signup</a></li>
				</ul>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code we use the class navbar-right is applied to <ul> tag to aligned the element of navigation bar.

Bootstrap Navbar Right
Fig.4 – Bootstrap Navbar Right Example.

Bootstrap Navbar Buttons

To create the navigation with button the class .navbar-btn class is used. The class .navbar-btn is applied to the <button> tag.

Example: 5 Navbar Buttons Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Navbar Right Example</h2><br />
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li class="active"><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
				</ul>
				<button class="btn btn-primary navbar-btn">Submit</button>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code we use the class .navbar-btn is applied to <button> tag.

Bootstrap Navbar Button
Fig.5 – Bootstrap Navbar Buttons Example.

Bootstrap Navbar Forms

To create the form element inside the navigation bar the class .navbar-form to <form> tag.

Example: 5 Navbar Forms Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Navbar Forms Example</h2><br />
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li class="active"><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
				</ul>
				<form class="navbar-form" action="">
					<div class="input-group">
						<input type="text" placeholder="search" class="form-control">
						<div class="input-group-btn">
							<button class="btn btn-default"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-search"></span> </button>
						</div>
					</div>
				</form>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code we use the class .navbar-form is applied to <form> tag.

Bootstrap Navbar Forms
Fig.5 – Bootstrap Navbar Forms Example.

Bootstrap Fixed Navigation Bar

The fixed navigation bar is attached to top and bottom position and free to scroll the whole page. The class navbar-fixed is used to fixed the navigation bar.

Example: 6 Fixed Navigation Bar Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse navbar-fixed-top">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<ul class="nav navbar-nav"> 
					<li class="active"><a href="#home">Home</a></li>
					<li><a href="#contact">Contact</a></li>
					<li><a href="#service">Service</a></li>
				</ul>
				<form class="navbar-form" action="">
					<div class="input-group">
						<input type="text" placeholder="search" class="form-control">
						<div class="input-group-btn">
							<button class="btn btn-default"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-search"></span> </button>
						</div>
					</div>
				</form>
			</div>
		</nav><br><br>
		<h2>Fixed Navigation Bar Example</h2>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code we use the class .navbar-fixed-top is applied to <nav> tag to fixed the navbar at the top position.

Bootstrap Fixed Navigation Bar
Fig.6 – Bootstrap Fixed Navigation Bar Example.

Caution:The class navbar-fixed-bottom is used create the bottom fixed navigation bar.

Bootstrap Collapsible Navigation Bar

The bootstrap provides a responsive nature to the elements. The navigation bar occupies the huge space for the small screen. Bootstrap provides hidden nature to the navbar and opened on it required.

Example: 8 Collapsible Navigation Bar Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Bootstrap Navbar Example</title>
    <!-- link the bootstrap online or through CDN -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" integrity="sha384-BVYiiSIFeK1dGmJRAkycuHAHRg32OmUcww7on3RYdg4Va+PmSTsz/K68vbdEjh4u" crossorigin="anonymous">
    <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.4.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
 	<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.4.1/js/bootstrap.min.js">
  	</script>
     
</head>
<body>
	<div class="container">
		<h2>Collapsible NavBar Example</h2>
		<nav class="navbar navbar-inverse">
			<div class="container-fluid">
				<div class="navbar-header">
					<button type="button" class="navbar-toggle" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#navi">
						<span class="icon-bar"></span>
						<span class="icon-bar"></span>
						<span class="icon-bar"></span>
					</button>
					 <a href="#" class="navbar-brand">Website Name</a>
				</div>
				<div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="navi">
					<ul class="nav navbar-nav">
					 	<li class="active"><a href="#">Home</a></li>
					 	<li class="active"><a href="#">About</a></li>
					 	<li class="active"><a href="#">Services</a></li>
					 	<li class="active"><a href="#">Contact</a></li>
					 	<li class="active"><a href="#">FAQ's</a></li>
					</ul>
				</div>
			</div>
		</nav>
	</div>
</body>
</html>

On the above code we use the class .navbar-collapse and collapse to <ul> tag. A navigation bar is hidden on the small screen only 3 bars will show. When you click to the 3 bar the navigation will be displayed.

Bootstrap Collapsible Navigation Bar
Fig.8 – Bootstrap Collapsible Navigation Bar Example.
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